Swedish Gasification Centre (SFC) is a new research center where a number of academic stakeholders cooperate with the industry and has a total budget over 10 years of 540 million. The governments aim is for the fleet in Sweden to be independent of fossil fuels by 2030. Part of this is the big investment on gasification of biomass (wood fuel) now being made. The technology means that fuel can be produced by biomass gasification which drastically will reduce carbon dioxide emissions compared with the current use of fossil fuels.
Through research in SFC the Swedish industry is supported in its aim to construct full-scale plants for the production of environmentally friendly fuels. Sweden is also increasing its research skills in an environmentally critical area with an international recognition of SFC in sight.
The research program's first phase includes two years with a budget of over 58 million SEK of which over 19 million is allocated by the Swedish Energy Agency and the rest by the academia and industry. 1/9-part of the funding comes from the strategic research project Bio4Energy.
The purpose of SFC is to create a national skills base for research, development and postgraduate eduction in the biomass gasification technology and related fields. This is achieved by gathering skilled groupings among universities, industry and other stakeholders for commercialization of the technology.
Luleå University of Technology (LTU) is the principal of SFC where also KTH, Chalmers and Energy Technology Center (ETC) have significant roles. Director of the Centre is Joakim Lundgren, LTU. Operations in the SFC is conducted at three nodes, where three different gasification technologies are being studied.
CDGB - Direct gasification (KTH / MDH / LNU)
Production of fuels from biomass in large quantities requires large-scale gasification and then pressurized gasification in fluidized bed is a possible technique.
CIBG - Indirect gasification (Chalmers / GU / Miun / SP)
Indirect biomass gasification is a technology that enables the production of a dry, nitrogen-free and clean gas from biomass and produces a commodity which directly or after treatment can replace fossil oil and natural gas.
Bio4G - Suspension Gasification (LTU / UmU / ETC / LTH)
In suspension gasification (entrained flow gasification), fuel is fed in as a suspension of particles in liquid or as a powder in the gasifier and gasified in general with pure oxygen instead of air. The technique is used to produce the fuels DME and methanol.
Between the technologies are many common and general issues that the three nodes can interact and exchange experiences about. The common aim of all three is to extract energy and fuels from biomass.