Off-gas dust in an Experimental Blast Furnace, Part I: Characterization of Flue Dust, Sludge and Shaft Fines
Submitted by Tech. Lic. Pär Semberg on December 21, 2010 - 10:13
Raw materials for future iron- and steelmaking
Leimalm, U, Lundgren, M, Sundqvist Ökvist, L, Björkman, B, Off-gas dust in an Experimental Blast Furnace, Part 1: Characterization of Flue Dust, Sludge and Shaft Fines, ISIJ Int., 2010, 50, 1560-1569.
In blast furnace (BF) ironmaking, efforts are made to decrease coke consumption, which can be done by increasing the pulverized coal injection rate (PCR). This will cause changes in in-furnace reduction conditions, burden distribution, demands on raw material strength,etc. In order to maintain stable operation, but also to obtain low amounts of material losses through the off-gas, it is important to understand fines generationand behaviour in the BF. Off-gas dust and shaft fines generated in the LKAB Experimental Blast Furnace(EBF) were sampled during operation with olivine pellets and mixtures of acid pellets and sinter as iron-bearing materials. Characterization using XRD, SEM and LOM was focused on fines from iron-bearing materials, coke and slag formers. The results showed that flue dust, mainly <0.5 mm, was mechanically formed and created in the same manner for all investigated samples. Carbon-containing particles dominated in the fractions >0.075 mm and consisted mainly of coke particles from the shaft. Fe-containing particles, as Fe2O3 from the top of the shaft, formed the major part of flue dust fractions <0.063 mm. Particles from slag formers such as quartzite and limestone were observed in flue dust when slag formers were utilized inthe feed. Sludge consisted mainly of chemically formed spherical particles <1 micrometer precipitated from the ascending gas as the temperature decreased.