About defocused speckles
The aim with this research project is to develop measurement methods based on laser speckle metrology for application on transparent media as gases and flames. When laser light is incident on a diffuse surface and scattered from it to a detector, a granular pattern, a so called speckle pattern is seen in the image. Even the phase in the speckle pattern may be detected by use of reference light that interferes with the object light on the detector. If a transparent object is placed between the detector and the laser light illuminated surface, the speckle pattern is changed, the speckles are displaced and phase changes are registered in the speckle pattern.