The overall aim of this study was to describe nursing students’ and nurses’ views of caring for dying people in the cultural contexts of Iran and Sweden.
This research includes five separate studies carried out in Iran and Sweden that with both a quantitave and a qualitative approach describe nursing students’ and nurses views of caring for dying people in both Iran and Sweden. The studies describe attitudes among nursing students in both countries towards death and caring for dying patients, one describe the same investigation among two groups of Iranian students and one among Iranian nurses. The meaning of caring for dying people was described in one study among Swedish nurses in two different contexts and a similar study elucidated the meaning of a caring relation with people with cancer was carried out among Iranian nurses
The results showed that student nurses from Sweden and Iran as well as student nurses and nurses from different subcultures within Iran had had different attitudes towards death and caring for dying people. The difference in caring for dying people seems to be related to the informants’ attitude towards death, level of education on the topic, and their experience of death and dying. The Iranian and Swedish nurses shared an experience of the foundation of caring for dying people since it was performed in the existential context of a person’s end- of- life situation. This constituted an ethical demand to care in a close relationship. The nurses were supported by their own professional and personal experience as well as their philosophical foundation, but they were in need of support from the organisation and the socio-cultural context. Professional care for dying people seemed to potentially be a learning process when it was supported by team work, reflective practice and counselling based on the nurses’ personal and professional stories.
Cooworkers in the study
Professor Karin Axelsson, Division of Nursing, Department of Health Science
Senior lecturer Stefan Sävenstedt, Division of Nursing, Department of Health Science
Senior lecturer Terttu Häggström, Division of Nursing, Department of Health Science
Doctoral student Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Division of nursing, Department of Health Science
Iranmanesh, Sedigheh. (2009) Caring for dying and meeting death: the views of Iranian and Swedish nurses and student nurses. Luleå : Luleå tekniska universitet. (Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology).
Iranmanesh, S., Axelsson, K., Sävenstedt, S., Häggström, T. (2009) A caring relationship with persons who have cancer. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65 (6), 1300 – 1308.
Iranmanesh, S., Häggström, T., Axelsson, K., Sävenstedt, S. (2009) Caring for dying people : attitudes among Iranian and Swedish nursing students. Manuscript sent in for publication.
Iranmanesh, S., Häggström, T., Axelsson, K., Sävenstedt, S. (2009) Swedish nurses' experiences of caring for dying people : a holistic approach. Holistic Nursing Practice, 23 (4), 243-52:
Iranmanesh, S., Dargahi, H., Abbaszadeh, A. (2009) Attitudes of Iranian nurses toward caring for dying patients. Palliative & Supportive Care, 6 (4), 363-369.
Iranmanesh, S., Sävenstedt, S., Abbaszadeh, A. (2008) Student nurses' attitudes towards death and dying in south-east Iran. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 14 (5), 214-219.