– We are of course very happy about this. We believe that gasification technology can play a very important role in the transition to a fossil-fuel independent vehicle fleet by 2030 and a fossil-free society in 2045, says Joakim Lundgren, director of the SFC and Associate Professor of Energy Engineering at Luleå University of Technology.
Reduces dependence on fossil fuels
SFC is a national center of excellence that has been formed to coordinate and support established Swedish research on biomass gasification. This technology has been identified as strategically important for Sweden’s ambitions to reduce the country's dependence on fossil fuels and its net emissions of climate-changing greenhouse gases.
– We need targeted efforts, in order to make gasification competitive and come into commercial use. Swedish Gasification Center is one such investment, contributing to the development of a fossil free transport sector and industry, says Jonas Lindmark, project administrator of the Swedish Energy Agency.
Long tradition of biomass gasification
The research node in the gasification area led by Luleå University of Technology, is called “Bio4G - Entrained Flow Gasification” and is a collaboration between Luleå University of Technology, Umeå University, RISE Energy Technology Center and the University of Lund. In entrained flow gasification, the fuel is fed as small droplets or fine particles into the gasifier together with pure oxygen. The technology can be used to make a variety of fuels, e.g. methanol and DME.
– We have a long tradition of research in biomass gasification at Luleå University of Technology. Research in this area covers both the fundamental issues kinetics, flow phenomena, catalysis, new measurement techniques to more applied areas such as fuel characterization, modeling and materials issues and developmental issues like scale-up, gas cleaning and process integration. We have a number of students involved in this research at Luleå University of Technology. Some of them have a background in engineering programs at Luleå University of Technology, such as sustainable energy technology and mechanical engineering, says Rikard Gebart, Professor of Energy Engineering at Luleå University of Technology and responsible for Bio4G - Suspension Gasification.
The budget is 230 million
The third phase of SFC that is now starting, has a budget of more than 230 million SEK, divided among the three nodes. The funding is shared between the Swedish Energy Agency, industry and the academy. The academic funding for the Bio4G node comes from the strategic energy research program Bio4Energy and from Lund University.