During 2008/2009, the Swedish government established 23 strategic research areas (SFO/ Strategiskt forskningsområde) aiming to the development of internationally prominent research environments to solve key social issues in a long-term perspective.
CAMM (Center for Advanced Mining and Metallurgy) was created in 2010 as the strategic research area of Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and was established at the Luleå University of Technology (LTU). LTU is recognized as Sweden's leading university for applied research and education in mining and metallurgy and perform research in close cooperation with the industry. CAMM have five core research areas along the mining value chain - exploration, mining, mineral processing, metallurgy and the environment. LTU is running CAMM in collaboration with Swerea Mefos in the research area of Metallurgy.
The aim of CAMM is the utilization of the technological leadership for resource-efficient production of raw materials and innovative products with high added value in order to enhance quality of life by creating prosperity in harmony with nature and society.
Sweden is a welfare country, attractive for mining companies and have a long mining history with companies like LKAB and Boliden extracting iron ores and base metals with advanced engineering and sustainable mining including environmental, social and economic aspects.
Through CAMM, "free" need-driven projects are funded, stimulating innovations and multidisciplinary research. CAMM multidisciplinary projects focus on sustainable mining such as environmental friendly and efficient mining and extraction technologies, reuse of scrap and wastes, decrease of the amount of waste generation by turning wastes into resources. CAMM is co-funding basic research, which otherwise is hard to find funding for. The balance between applied and basic research is important for moving the research front forward. The need of mining-related research is extensive and some of the research results can be implemented promptly, while other will benefit later on.
In addition to the funding of the five-core research groups, two to three risk projects are funded annually to support new innovative research ideas from adjoining research topics at LTU.
LTU conducts additional research related to the five core research areas within the value chain for mining, such as Attractive Workplace, Raw Materials Economics and Economics among others.
CAMM run for the period 2010-2014. Following the evaluation of CAMM, a second phase of CAMM called CAMM2 (Center for Advanced Mining and Metallurgy – second program period) started in 2016 and will operate until 2020. Based on the evaluation of CAMM the objective of CAMM2 is to maintain and further develop internationally excellent research groups and trainings in mining and metallurgy. Therefore, the focus within CAMM2 is to increase international collaboration and to diversify and deepen this collaboration while increasing the number of publications in relevant scientific journals.