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Snow and Ice 7.5 credits

Snö och is
First cycle, G0008B
Course syllabus valid: Spring 2023 Sp 3 - Present
The version indicates the term and period for which this course syllabus is valid. The most recent version of the course syllabus is shown first.

Education level
First cycle
Grade scale
G U 3 4 5
Soil Mechanics
Subject group (SCB)
Civil Engineering

Entry requirements

In order to meet the general entry requirements for first cycle studies you must have successfully completed upper secondary education and documented skills in English language + Swedish upper secondary school course English 6.

More information about English language requirements


The selection is based on final school grades or Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test.

Course Aim

The aim with the course is based on knowledge of snow, ice and cold to study the opportunities and constraints it has on society.

Specific goals:

After the course the student should be able to:

• The basics in snow and ice mechanics
• How human beings are affected by cold temperatures
• Methods for classifying snow and ice
• Techniques where snow and ice are used for constructions

Account for:
• Avalanches, assumptions and risk assessment locally and regionally
• Contamination problems with urban snow
• How society adapts itself more to cold climate in the form of infrastructure and the costs involved

• How snow and ice are formed and their change and metamorphism
• The difference between natural and artificial snow
• Snow accumulation and melting – water content in a snowpack

• Work in a cold climate
• Work in groups


Snow, ice and cold climate have a major impact on society and on individual level. Winter-related phenomena affect the way we build and plan our society and our daily lives. Snow, ice and cold temperatures causes great social costs, but also great recreational opportunities and life quality for individuals and economic potential to for example the tourism industry.

Snow and ice are complex materials that can be used in beneficial ways in cold climates. The course “Snow and ice” handles basics of snow- and ice mechanics, formation of snow, classification methods for snow, avalanche awareness, techniques for using snow and ice and to work in cold climates. This knowledge is translated into a societal and individual perspective.

You will after the course have useful knowledge that can be applied in the tourism industry, construction and the society-related areas. Depending on your previous knowledge, you can immerse yourself in specific areas such as ice mechanics, frozen ground, tourism, leadership, etc.

This course is aimed at those who have general eligibility for higher education and is provided at a basic level. The course requires no special prerequisites but the major part of the literature is in English and some basic calculation operations are included. Teaching includes lectures, group work, study visits and a field exercise.

Each course occasion´s language and form is stated and appear on the course page on Luleå University of Technology's website.

The course consists of lectures, laboratory work, project work and an obligatory field trip. The field trip is associated with a fee which includes travel costs, accommodation and all meals. In the course the main learning activities are organized in the project groups and supervised by the teachers. The lectures, laboratory work and field trips supports the learning activities in the project groups.

If there is a decision on special educational support, in accordance with the Guideline Student's rights and obligations at Luleå University of Technology, an adapted or alternative form of examination can be provided.
All parts of the course will be evaluated and serve as background for your grade.

Nina Lintzen

Transition terms
The course G0008B is equal to ABG120

Literature. Valid from Spring 2014 Sp 3
[1] CREEL: Snow Mechanics, CREEL report 97-3, US Army Corps of Engineers

[2] Fransson, L: Ice handbook for engineers, Luleå University of Technology

[3] McClung, D. and Schaerer, P: The avalanche handbook, ISBN 0-89886-364-3

Course offered by
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering

CodeDescriptionGrade scaleCrStatusFrom periodTitle
0012Project workG U 3 4 54.00MandatoryA14
0013Assignment report, individual specializationU G#1.00MandatoryA14
0014Written examG U 3 4 52.50MandatoryS18

Study guidance
Study guidance for the course is to be found in our learning platform Canvas before the course starts. Students applying for single subject courses get more information in the Welcome letter. You will find the learning platform via My LTU.

Syllabus established
The plan is established by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 2007-01-31 H07.

Last revised
by Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies Eva Gunneriusson, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering 05 Nov 2019