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Batteries for a sustainable society: from raw materials to battery cells 7.5 credits

Batterier för ett hållbart samhälle: från råmaterial till battericeller
Second cycle, K7006K
Course syllabus valid: Spring 2020 Sp 3 - Present
The version indicates the term and period for which this course syllabus is valid. The most recent version of the course syllabus is shown first.

Education level
Second cycle
Grade scale
G U 3 4 5
Subject group (SCB)

Entry requirements

BSc in Chemistry, Metallurgy, Materials Sciences or at least 180 ECTS from a Chemical Engineering programme. The studies should include courses in General Chemistry (for example K0016K), Inorganic Chemistry (for example K0011K) and Physical Chemistry (for example K0010K). Good knowledge in English, equivalent to English 6.

More information about English language requirements


The selection is based on 20-285 credits

Course Aim

The goal of the course is that the student, after completion of the course, should

-          be able to explain and apply basic electrochemistry in the analysis of different types of electrochemical cells and batteries

-          have knowledge on different types of batteries, super capacitors, fuel cells, and their properties

-          have knowledge on electrodes, electrolytes and structure of batteries and how they are produced from raw materials

-          be able to explain how different parameters influence on the performance and stability of batteries: charge-discharge cycling, temperature, the electrochemical window

-          be able to analyse most common electrochemical mechanisms for electrodes materials and how they are changing upon intercalation, alloying, conversion, etc.

-          be able to describe the most common ionic conductivity mechanisms in electrolytes

-          be able to identify the most common minerals containing Li, Co, Mn, Ni and graphite

-          have knowledge about the most important ore types containing Li, Co, Mn, Ni, and graphite, and where these types of ores are mined in the world today

-          have knowledge about known deposits of Li, Co, Mn, Ni, and graphite in the Swedish bedrock

-          have knowledge on common extraction processes for Li, Co, Ni and graphite

-          have knowledge on different recycling processer for lithium-ion batteries and their limitations


The course covers basics of electrochemistry. The structure and properties of Helmhotz layers and interfaces in batteries and their importance for the performance of batteries is discussed in detail.

Structure of batteries, different types of electrodes and electrode materials, electrolytes will be covered by both theory and in practical exercises.

Deposit types for Li, Co, Mn, Ni, and graphite, and their mode of occurrence globally and in Sweden, humans need for metals, mineral identification.

Overview of metallurgical processes. Lectures on common process routes for extraction of Li, Co, Mn, Ni and graphite with focus on methods for production of lithium products for battery production as lithium hydroxide. Lectures on commercial recycling processes and overview of research connected to recycling of lithium-ion batteries.


The course is presented in the form of lectures, seminars with assignments and laboratory exercises. Laboratory exercises and assignments are compulsory. The presence at the 1st lecture and at all laboratory exercises is compulsory.


Approved laboratory reports and approved assignments (not differentiated). Approved written examination with differentiated grades, U 3 4 5.


During week 33 (August 10-14, 2020) teaching will take place at Uppsala University.

During week 34-35 (August 17-28, 2020) teaching will take place at Luleå University of Technology. 

Study trips to Northvolt AB in Västerås (during week 33 or 35) and Skellefteå (during week 34 or 35) are also planned. Costs related to all trips and accommodation should be covered by students themselves.

The written examination will take place at Luleå University of Technology during week 35 (August 24-28, 2020).

Faiz Ullah Shah

Literature. Valid from Autumn 2020 Sp 1 (May change until 10 weeks before course start)
Helena Berg “Batteries for electric vehicles (materials and electrochemistry)” ISBN 9781107085930.
Compendia with assignments and instructions for laboratory exercises.

Course offered by
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering

CodeDescriptionGrade scaleCrStatusFrom periodTitle
0001Written examG U 3 4 56.00MandatoryS20Yes
0002Laboratory workU G#1.50MandatoryS20Yes

Syllabus established

Last revised
by Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies Eva Gunneriusson, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering 06 Mar 2020