This means its geometry allows the minimization of the amount of used material to reach minimal weight and minimal material cost. The project follows innovative architectural design strategies using advanced digital modelling and fabrication, and actively engages a contemporary discourse in how performative design is altering the practice as well as production of architecture. The shifting technological frontier changes the ways in which architects practice, particularly in terms of their collaborations with other producers and consultants in the building process.
Technique and Technology used
Rhinoceros, together with Grasshopper plug-in was used as a digital modelling tool. Three axes CNC laser-cutting machine was used for cutting the identical parts of the form. The design techniques and method was parametric and algorithmic based. This means in any stage of the design we could change the size of any component and the overall form would then be updated.
Abaqus, a computer aided engineering (CAE) software, was used to simulate the structural behaviour of the geometry that derived from Rhino. The results from simulation were translated and inputted to the Rhino model in order to redefine the overall form.
Changes in the building construction process
Most of the currant building construction process is based on the standardization of the building elements. And their process of designing, manufacturing and constructing building is usually a linear process. In which, architects are involved in the beginning of the process and their role is reduced as the process lean towards manufacture and construction stages.
Introduction of the new technology into the design process, manufacture and construction stages have introduced the possibility of a non-linear approach for the building process. The use of digital technology in design and implementation of intelligence into the fabrication and construction machines has enabled a direct processing of information through out the design, manufacture and construction stages. Such technological advantage has enabled the integration and collaboration of the relative disciplines (such as structural engineering, environmental engineering, architecture and etc) involved in the building design and construction process.
-Our hope is that the appropriate use of these technologies leads to economical production of buildings that are contextual, performative and variable, says PhD Mania Aghaei Meibodi.