The transportation sector is in many ways crucial for the function of societies, as transportation and travel links countries and populations, as well as increases accessibility to e.g., work places, schools and hospitals. However, at the same time as transportation provides great benefits to the society, it also comes with negative impacts on the environment. Research shows that the transportation sector accounts for about one third of the greenhouse gas emissions in Sweden. A current goal for the Swedish Government is therefore to decrease these emissions with 70 percent by 2030, compared to the levels in 2010. Reaching this goal will require substantial technological and behavioral changes regarding vehicle choices, fuel choices, the necessary infrastructure serving them, as well as the way we travel. A number of technological options exists or are under way, all with various strength and limitations, some of which may not be fully understood yet. The transition towards sustainable transportation represents vast challenges, uncertainties and risks for involved stakeholders, including consumers, firms, municipalities, transport authorities, motor organizations and policy makers.
Research that addresses how the transition towards a sustainable transportation sector will be achieved is therefore important. This NESS working group will provide discussions for sustainable transportation research in the context of environmental, economic, social and political aspects. Increased knowledge on which policy measures that are successful, how they can be implemented and which specific circumstances at the local/regional level that they target are especially welcome. Examples of questions to be addressed are: How do we achieve a sustainable transportation sector; what is required regarding new technologies, infrastructure, and travel behavior? What are the barriers associated with individuals’ attitudes, public opinions and societal trends when striving towards a sustainable transportation sector? Which policy incentives are suitable to reach the goal of a sustainable transportation sector?
We look forward to good discussions of papers from a wide spectrum of the social sciences, with local, regional as well as national and even global perspectives of the transition towards a sustainable transportation sector. Studies that address all forms of transportation, passenger and freight transportation in both urban and non-urban areas, are more than welcome.