Ulrica Strömbäck, PhD student at Luleå University of Technology, researches the upsurge of a second myocardial infarction. View original picture , opens in new tab/window

To suffer from a second myocardial infarction

Published: 8 March 2018

Having a second myocardial infarction can mean a clearer understanding of the severity of the disease. It brings awareness of the importance of implementing lifestyle changes. Many people feel mentally ill and urge individual aftercare to feel safe. It shows new research at Luleå University of Technology.

Many who suffer from a second myocardial infarction experience that it means is a different and more serious event than the first heart attack. An increased awareness arises that it is important to make lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating right and starting exercising.
The study shows that people who have a second myocardial infarction are also feeling poorer afterwards and it takes longer to come back. They feel depressed and have difficulty thinking about the future because it feels uncertain.

– They say there were no thoughts that they could have a second heart attack, but now they understand that they can even get a third. They realize the seriousness of reinventing and realizing the reality come creeping, said Ulrica Strömbäck, PhD student at Luleå University of Technology, who studied the experience of having suffered from a second myocardial infarction.

Missing individual aftercare

The risk of recurrence is greatest during the next few years after the first heart attack. It is more serious to have a second heart attack because the heart is already damaged.
The people who participated in the study experience the emergency care as very well, but call for more individual aftercare. The group information given is considered good, but too general. They want to know what's important just for them. They propose checks where they can get some kind of receipt if they do the right thing.

– Information and aftercare can be better from an individual perspective and they want to find out about the preconditions for them, says Ulrica Strömbäck.

Tools for faster healthcare

Although the symptoms could be different in the second heart attack, the people understood that they were affected by a further myocardial infarction. There was a better response after the first heart attack and they found that they sought healthcare faster.

– It is nevertheless important to look after the first course of myocardial infarction in the aftermath, to know that symptoms may vary and that it is important to call an ambulance for symptoms of myocardial infarction in order to get medical attention as soon as possible, says Ulrica Strömbäck.


Ulrica Strömbäck

Ulrica Strömbäck, Senior Lecturer

Phone: +46 (0)920 492543
Organisation: Nursing, Division of Nursing and Medical Technology, Department of Health Sciences