Education at post-graduate level in Physics may be carried on in most of the subject’s subfields. The research can be roughly divided into two specialities: “space” and “materials”. In the “space” speciality the emphasis is on theoretical astrophysics with subprojects in theoretical particle physics and quantum physics. On the “materials” side, research is primarily carried on in carbon-based materials and biophysically interesting materials and objects of nanometre size. The research is conducted using advanced measuring and analysis instruments. On the theoretical side, the materials research consists of studies and simulations of the properties of solid materials, for example superconductivity, metals and magnetic phenomena.