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219 Data Sharing for Railway

Published: 23 August 2019

The project intends to make a legal review of definitions, guidelines and contract documents that have been prepared and used in ePilot collaboration projects.

In this sub project, process maps have been compiled for some of the ePilot's sub projects, in order to describe the progress "from measurement to decision support". Based on these, a number of issues have been compiled and interviews have been conducted with people involved in the ePilot project. Interviews have also been conducted with other industries where data sharing occurs.   
The interviews point out that increased knowledge and clear guidelines are needed in the following areas to avoid barriers for continued data sharing:  
•    Laws and procedures to keep track of as an innovator and possibly tenderers in public activities  
•    Intellectual property rights   
•    Innovation procurement   
•    What should be agreed and what should be the agreements should contain  
•    Existing agreements  
•    Ownership and right of use  
•    Data sharing is included in regulations   
•    Information security  
Interviews with people from other industries show that there is much to learn when, for example, the aviation industry has a higher degree of maturity in terms of data sharing, information security, data quality and agreements including data sharing.  

When reviewing legislative and governing documents, the ePilot template for the project specification needed supporting texts and data sharing guidelines in order to support future sub projects.    

Governing documents that could have implications for data sharing in sub projects in ePilot are the Traffic Agreement. Governing documents that the sub project stakeholders must consider after completion of the project and before a public procurement is primarily LOU / LUF, Competition Law and General State Aid Rules.  

The results of the interviews show that there is a lot to be learned about the rules of LOU and LUF. It should be clarified that Luleå University of Technology and Trafikverket, as public authorities, apply both LOU and LUF depending on the sector in which it operates. No assessment has been made regarding this, but the assessment is made on a case-by-case basis. The legal text has openings for innovation procurement, which is why this is important to increase knowledge about this and to inform stakeholdersabout what applies.  

This sub project focuses on data sharing issues in ePilot sub projects but can also be related to the entire industry. The consequences for deviations from agreed guidelines may be that the stakeholders do not agree on what has been promised in projects, stagnation in the industry if no one dares to share data and quality assurance must be guaranteed if decisions are made based on information.

Stakeholders: Luleå tekniska universitet, Trafikverket, SJ, LKAB och Omicold.

Project leader: Ulla Juntti, Omicold.