Nick Dittes
Nick Dittes, PhD student at SKF-LTU University Technology Cooperation at Luleå University of Technology, has developed two patents. Photo: private. View original picture , opens in new tab/window

PhD student behind two patents that extend the life of machines

Published: 17 January 2019

At the SKF-LTU University Technology Cooperation, Luleå University of Technology, researchers are working on developing tomorrow's technology for machine monitoring. One of these is Nick Dittes who has developed two patents regarding new methods for estimating the water content of lubricating grease.

Water contamination is a common cause of failure in grease lubricated rolling element bearings; the water can contaminate the grease through for example, seal failure or condensation. To remedy this, Nick Dittes, PhD student at SKF-LTU University Technology Cooperation, has developed two patents in collaboration with SKF.

– The first patent outlines the use of a new measuring principle called dielectric thermoscopy. The main benefit of this method is that it is less dependent on the quantity and location of the grease within the bearing. Water in the grease can be estimated via temperature changes and the method can indicate when lubricants need to be filled or replaced, says Nick Dittes.

The second patent is about estimating the water content of lubricating grease by means measuring the galvanic current between metals of different electronegativity arranged in a compact and inexpensive sensor package. The sensors estimate the corrosion rate caused by the lubricant, which in turn has a good correlation with the water content of the grease.

– The two inventions aim to improve the reliability of machines. The function of the lubricant grease typically fails before bearings do, which highlights the need for a sensor that can detect a typical failure mode of the lubricant.

The patents by Nicholas Dittes were developed within the framework of his PhD project where he collaborates with the research group in Experimental Mechanics and his supervisors: Mikael Sjödahl, Chaired Professor of Experimental Mechanics and Anders Pettersson, Senior lecturer in Machine Elements. The research is funded by SKF.