Within the project INSURANCE (Utilization of industrial residues for an efficient geological BECCS) we develop a more energy effective technology for capturing biogenic carbon dioxide from the industry for later storage in the Swedish bedrock. The project builds on the BECCS technology (Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage) which is one of the technologies that IPCC, EU and the Swedish government points out as critical for how Sweden should reach the climate goals regarding net zero and negative emissions of greenhouse gases by 2045.
Today it is still cheaper for the industry to emit carbon dioxide to the atmosphere compared to capturing the gas and later store it. One of the more expensive steps in BECCS is the separation of carbon dioxide from the industry effluent gases. Within the project, we therefore develop a capturing technology that is expected to be more energy efficient and thereby cheaper. The novelty of the project is that we use industry internal by-products to capture the carbon dioxide and that we for the first time investigate the potential for land-based geological storage of carbon dioxide in Sweden.
Discussions about storage of carbon dioxide in the bedrock often focus on storage in marine environment, deep under the ocean floor. One alternative to this type of storage has been tested in Iceland where they have shown good results when injecting the carbon dioxide together with water in volcanic rocks of basaltic character instead of sedimentary rocks. In Sweden there are also plenty of basaltic rocks, but these rocks are much older than the Icelandic ones. We now want to investigate whether the Swedish basalts are suitable for carbon dioxide storage.
The packaging company BillerudKorsnäs is part of the project and their facility in Karlsborg, Kalix, will be the main test site for the project but we will also perform geological sampling in ten sites in Sweden, all coupled to major paper- and pulp industry.
The project is funded within the climate initiative Industriklivet, through the Swedish Energy Agency, 2020-2024.
The research group is made up by Glenn Bark, senior lecturer in ore geology and project manager, Christina Wanhainen, professor in ore geology, Emelie Crafoord, PhD student in ore geology, Paul Christakopoulos, professor in biochemical process engineering, Ulrika Rova, professor in biochemical process engineering, Io Antonopoulou, associate senior lecturer in biochemical process engineering, Ayanne De Oliveira Maciel, PhD student in biochemical process engineering and David Nilsson manager process development BillerudKorsnäs (David.Nilsson@billerudkorsnas.com).