– For the first time there was an opportunity to submit a poster to the Congress, so I took the chance and was selected in strong competition. It felt important to participate with my study, says Helena Nord Ljungqvist, lecturer at Luleå University of Technology.
Time is important in CPR
The research involves compliance to telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation, T-CPR, protocol and if the communication between the emergency operator and the person seeking help affect the performance and the quality of CPR. The communication between the emergency operator and applicant were analyzed and it showed there was no statistical difference in action conducted and the quality of CPR performed by the person seeking help, whether it was good or poor communication in the call.
– Time is important when a suspected cardiac arrest, and therefore it is important to reduce the time from cardiac arrest to treatment. The study showed particular difficulties to provide and execute the instruction "airway control," which is an instruction given before emergency operator goes on the T-CPR protocol to the chest compressions should be performed, says Helena Nord Ljungqvist.
If the T-CPR instruction is simplified, there is a possibility to shorten the time of the call so that laypeople can faster exercise chest compressions, considering that every minute is precious.
New guidelines in CPR
The congress CPR 2016 was held in Gothenburg on the Swedish Exhibition & Congress Centre in mid-October and attracted 2600 participants, especially attended CPR instructors from all over Sweden. Presented at the congress were the latest science and guidelines to reduce the time from cardiac arrest to initiation of treatment. Luleå University of Technology was represented by the lecturer Helena North Ljungqvist and Marice Backstrom, who made new contacts, discussed ideas for the courses and took part of the new guidelines.
– To increase survival and reduce time to treatment were different solutions presented, for example more people trained in CPR, developed telephone-assisted CPR, increased availability of defibrillators using drones, means for early detection of deterioration of the patient and improving the quality of CPR, by performing short repetitions with more frequent intervals. According to the latest guidelines, seizures should be seen as a sign of cardiac arrest, said Marice Backstrom.