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Collision Avoidance for Multiple Micro Aerial Vehicles using Fast Centralized Nonlinear MPC

Publicerad: 4 juni 2021

Björn Lindqvist, Sina Sharif Mansouri, Pantelis Sopasakis and George Nikolakopoulos

IFAC World Congress, 2020

This article proposes a novel control architecture using a centralized nonlinear model predictive control (CNMPC) scheme for controlling multiple micro aerial vehicles (MAVs). The control architecture uses an augmented state system to control multiple agents and performs both obstacle and collision avoidance. The optimization algorithm used is OpEn, based on the proximal averaged Newton type method for optimal control (PANOC) which provides fast convergence for non-convex optimization problems. The objective is to perform position reference tracking for each individual agent, while nonlinear constraints guarantee collision avoidance and smooth control signals. To produce a trajectory that satisfies all constraints a penalty method is applied to the nonlinear constraints. The efficacy of this proposed novel control scheme is successfully demonstrated through simulation results and comparisons, in terms of computation time and constraint violations, which are provided with respect to the number of agents.