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Soil infiltration for wastewater treatment – design, function and assessment criteria (2019-2020)

Published: 3 October 2019

In this project, we discuss the factors that affect the treatment efficiency of on-site wastewater infiltration units and sand filters and develop assessment criteria for effective supervision of these treatment units. The work is funded by the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management.

Sand filters and drain fields (soil infiltration) are common on-site wastewater treatment techniques in Sweden. However, it is still unclear how the functionality can be effectively assessed. With a qualified assessment advice can be given on how the function can be improved and it can be avoided that units are re-built unnecessarily. In many soil-based treatment units, sludge formation in different parts of the systems has been a concern, e.g. in septic tanks, distribution tanks, distribution and/or aeration pipes. Also, too high water levels in the tanks and problems with the ventilation have been observed. However, it is generally difficult to judge whether these observations have a negative impact on the treatment efficiency. In this project, we review the literature list important factors that affect the performance of soil-based wastewater treatment units. By interviewing authority officials, we will map how supervision is carried out in Sweden and internationally to learn from each other.

The project is funded by the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management. It is a collaboration between Luleå University of Technology and RISE (Research Institutes of Sweden).

Contact

Inga Herrmann

Inga Herrmann, Associate Senior Lecturer

Phone: +46 (0)920 492528
Organisation: Urban Water Engineering, Architecture and Water, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering
Annelie Hedström

Annelie Hedström, Associate Professor

Phone: +46 (0)920 492309
Organisation: Urban Water Engineering, Architecture and Water, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering