Dag Avango is a professor of history, specializing in the history of technology and cultural heritage, with a focus on late modern times. His research lies at the interface between archeology and history, combining theoretical approaches and methods from history, archeology, critical heritage studies and STS. In his research, Avango has examined the interaction between people and things in historical processes of change. His focus has been on the history and cultural heritage of the polar areas – the Arctic and Antarctic – exploring how and why historical change processes of change have taken place there, what their consequences were for people and environments and why. Avango's historical research has an emphasis on the history of extractive industries and on cultural heritage, particularly industrial heritage.
Dag Avango has conducted and promoted research and education in history, on important societal challenges in the present – partly research with the aim to explain historical causes of contemporary events and processes, partly by explaining how people have handled various phenomena in the past, what the result were and why. His focus is prompted by a conviction that the discipline history is of central importance in dealing with the great challenges of our time.