Polymer composite; cross-ply laminate; transverse crack; changes of elastic properties
Interface characterization; single fiber fragmentation
1992: M.Sc. in Continuum Mechanics at University of Latvia, Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, Riga, Latvia.
1994: Combined PhD student, Luleå University of Technology and University of Latvia.
1996: Licentiate of Engineering at Luleå University of Technology. Thesis title: "Matrix cracking and interfacial debonding in polymer composites".
December 1999: PhD, Thesis title: "Damage Accumulation and Stiffness Degradation in Composite Laminates".