I have been employed at Luleå University since 1993. The years before that I have been a student at the university, which resulted in an economics degree, a master's in political science and a teaching degree.
Apart from a few years at the department of social sciences, I have worked at the Department of Arts, Communication and Learning (KKL). I belong to the Department Pedagogy, Language and Teaching (PSA), our primary mission is teacher training. For many years I have been interested in education in the leisure sector and has also been involved in developing educational programs and courses in the area. These programs and courses now defunct but the need for trained staff consists of the sector so we hope to continue in the near future.
Together with a colleague, I have in recent years developed the practical pedagogical training (KPU). The program is read as a Net program and includes 90 credits. Responsible for the program is already entitled to an education and that includes one or more teaching subjects in primary or secondary schools. The program leading to a degree as a teacher in secondary school or primary school years 7-9.
I have over the last 10 years been engaged in research. In November 2006 I was done with my licentiate thesis Leisure Sector - A government challenge (Lindstrom, 2006: 46). In 2009, I presented my doctoral thesis entitled Leisure Activities and youth citizenship. What local councils tell about youth's leisure from the perspective of citizenship on theirhome pages? In recent years I have mostly devoted myself to school gerontological. In addition to research and teaching, I have a mission that training leaders for subject teachers at the university.
The leisure sector, both public and private, is a rapidly growing field. Future citizens are likely to have more leisure and free time but also simultaneously demand more of it. Some have their hobby leisure while others have their work in the leisure sector as their livelihood.
The leisure sector invites you to many interesting fields of research. Roughly divided, these can be said to illustrate, man and leisure, culture and leisure, nature and leisure as well as community and leisure. For example, issues can be highlighted is the manner in which leisure is a political and ideological issue? How leisure can be used as recreation and wellness? How our needs are of fun and entertainment and the expressions that get? Leisure Quality and recreational quantity, how we use our time ?, as well as the laws governing the recreational sector different parts?
My licentiate thesis (Lindström, 2006: 46) Leisure Sector - A government challenge shows that the political game plan has changed and a variety of actors have emerged in the leisure sector. Production of leisure services takes place in a completely new contextual framework in which public administration is only one of many players. My conclusion after studying public documents is that if we are to have a leisure sector to all on equal terms must state's instrument for monitoring and evaluation function. The state must know the citizens' needs and expectations and there must be dependable data from the recreational sector all players, both private, voluntary and public.
My doctoral thesis (Lindström, 2009) shows that the image of young people's citizenship is contradictory. On the one hand, said young people need somewhere to hang out and meet with no requirement, but there are things they like to do like listening to music, talk, play table tennis and video games. There is also a perception that young people visiting youth clubs, community center, youth center or other similar venues are not part of any association and that they need support, monitoring and control. Another picture that emerges is that young people are creative and want to take responsibility for their own lives and the need for channels to politicians and authorities can conduct a dialogue with them. This can be done in various youth councils, democratic forum on youth clubs or similar venues, or by using the Internet for debate and dialogue. The thesis describes, explored and discussed texts ten Swedish municipalities presents on their websites from the perspective of citizenship for young people. The following research questions are answered in the thesis.What kind of citizenship is expressed in municipal objectives and policies in relation to young people and their leisure time? What kind of citizenship are represented by municipalities ways to support, organize and lead the leisure sector? What kind of citizenship is represented by the leisure activities of young offered and presented on municipal websites? The conclusion of the thesis is that young people staying at youth clubs, community center, youth center or other venues can develop their citizenship from the leisure activities on offer. The business can also contribute to young people's social development as well as young people can learn democratic principles.
The research that I have conducted after my licentiate and doctorate is both a deepening and broadening of previous research. In a broad sense, research can be said to involve young people and their leisure and school hours. The theory that I mainly have used is Citizenship, Entrepreneurship and Empowerment.
In the scientific report Chill, Chill out and Converse I report their development of active citizenship in ten Swedish municipalities. The goal was to approach the leisure practice for answers on young people's perception of influence and participation, their ability to take responsibility, to develop as individuals and their opportunities to develop their citizenship in the open recreational activities. The method used for data collection was questionnaire and a total of 3300 questionnaires were sent out to the various municipalities. This was followed by 19 additional depth interviews. The survey shows that young people who responded visit the venue regularly, most people visit the venue at least once a week. One of the conclusions of the study is that young people can develop their citizenship on his visits to the various venues.
In the scientific report Young people's entrepreneurial abilities presents a study carried out at recreation centers and similar venues in 23 Swedish municipalities. The purpose of this study was to obtain answers to young people's experience of influence and participation, their ability to take responsibility, to develop as individuals, identify their entrepreneurial abilities as well as their ability to develop their citizenship as visitors in the open recreational activities. The method used for data collection was questionnaire survey. A total of 6625 questionnaires were sent out to a total of 265 outlets. Of the 26 surveyed municipalities there are 23 municipalities represented in the material. The results of the study show that open recreational activities in which young people are offered opportunities to participate in free forms can help develop young people's entrepreneurial abilities. The question remains, however, if the staff along with the visitors can further develop and deepen individuals' entrepreneurial abilities in a process approach when their own work situation is both precarious and short-sighted.
In the report, the cultural policy objectives - A textual analysis of culture bill (2009/10: 3) and cultural plans for Region Halland, Region Skåne region Gotland, Norrbotten County Council and Region Västra Götaland presents the results of the mission given to me by the Agency for Cultural. Agency which is now disused task was to, on the basis of the national cultural policy objectives, evaluate, analyze and report on the effects of proposed and implemented measures in the cultural field. The mission of this study was to conduct a desk study of official documents concerning interventions for children and young people in cultural policy. The sample of the study has been done in consultation with the Agency for Cultural and includes five regional cultural plans and the Government Bill (2009/10: 3). The result shows that many of the regions are building their business on what is unique to the region. The challenge for each region differs depending on the region's geographic location, population density, population structure, the number of municipalities in the region and the need for extra support and incentives extra funds.
The article Youth Citizenship and the millennium generation. Is a theoretical review of the concept of Citizenship, That I have been of great benefit because Citizenship is part of my research profile. Based on research results suggest the result that the concept of citizenship must be seen in a broader perspective in which different aspects of globalization in the community and local phenomena seen from a citizen's daily life experience that aspects of gender, ethnicity and class. The concept of citizenship must also be able to focus on the cultural, demographic, political and socio-economic context of daily life.
In the article entitled Citizenship and empowering processes: a study of youth experiences of participation in leisure activities together I theories of Citizenship and theoretical aspects of Empowerment.Of particular interest was the study of youth leaders empowerment can influence young people's expectations about the influence and participation and to develop their citizenship. The conclusion I could draw from the survey was that the processes of empowerment and participation of young people and the sense of citizenship jointly supports young people's development.
I have also been interested in how state and local government looks at young people's leisure time as an arena for the development of democracy. In the article, Youth, Participation, Leisure and Citizenship, the image of the municipalities want to ensure that young people are given the opportunity to learn democracy through established channels such as youth councils, youth councils or other forums for democracy and participation, for example through social media.
In the article The Story of the Youth Club, I present my experiences from field studies at various meeting places for young people. The method used was field notes, photos and observations. Of particular interest was both outdoor and indoor environment, furnishing, color scheme and the activities that were offered visitors. I used the theories of Citizenship as a theoretical framework from the perspective of social and cultural transformation. Again, the results show that young people who visit the different venues have different conditions to actively develop their citizenship in this case depending on factors such as the environment and activities that young people are offered.
In one of my studies I have referred questions to professionals recreation in order to know what abilities they believe that children enrolled in the kindergarten can develop. The article is titled Everyday life at the leisuretime center. In this article, I have used Entrepreneurship Education and Citizenship Education as a theoretical framework. A questionnaire with 39 statement sent to all recreation centers in Norrbotten County, a total of 146 centers. There were 164 recreation leaders who responded to the survey. The results were generally positive in the sense that the respondents indicated that the children had the opportunity to develop self-confidence, self-esteem, motivation, curiosity and creativity. The result is interesting and requires a critical approach where interviews can allow for an in-depth analysis of the results.
In recent years I have also been interested in kindergarten and part of my research highlights preschool. The article Constructing of citizenship at the Swedish preschools shows how children's citizenship developed in preschool. The article What do chilren learn at English Preschools? Focuses on kindergarten curriculum and activities
The article in the Learn Nothing! - Voices of Visitors at the Youth Clubs in Sweden are learning in focus and especially informal learning. The young people's own comments in two questionnaires, interviews, and analysis of youth leaders diary entries, I have tried to capture what young people think that they learn at their leisure. The survey has a socio-cultural perspective where learning is assumed to take place in a context with other individuals who interact in a process. The results show that most young people surveyed say that they do not learn anything at all and that informal learning is not verbs formalized and made visible by the teachers at the various venues.
In the article, Citizenship, Gender Equality and Youth Clubs are discussed and analyzed whether youth clubs and similar venues supporting youth development in which young people's equality, influence and participation priority. The method used was field studies and observations. One result of this study is to leisure centers and similar venues can be places where traditional gender roles rather than reproduced changing and evolving. If these venues can contribute to their development and citizenship and to strengthen the integration and equality in society needs these communities developed.
The article Citizenship Education From a Swedish perspective, I have analyzed the text content of policy documents such as curriculum, syllabi for the Swedish upper secondary and primary schools. Of interest was to study the content and whether and in what manner which controls the instruments illustrate concepts such as democracy, influence, participation and values. The aim was also to highlight international research in the field of Citizenship Education. The results show that students in Swedish schools have the opportunity to discuss, analyze and learn to become active citizens. But the results also show that what is political rhetoric and what will be the outcome of these opportunities do not give notice of the study.
In the article, Citizenship, Leisure and Gender Equality discussed and analyzed whether youth clubs and similar venues can develop young people's citizenship.In this article, the site itself has been analyzed through observations of how different spaces have been used, what activities have been offered and what choices the visitors have done. The method used is field studies and text analysis of collected diaries where staff at all venues have written daily records of the business. From a gender perspective, the results show that boys are more attracted to visit the various venues than girls are. The results also show that visitors are offered opportunities to take an active role in the development of their citizenship.
The article National Cultural Policies - The Swedish case, I analyze the cultural bill of 2009 (2009/10: 3) in order to study the cultural areas as state priority. The aim of the study was to study the actors mentioned, the state wants to organize activities and which groups or groups of individuals are prioritized. The method I have used is text analysis and content analysis of culture bill as a whole.
The result shows that the cultural sector faces new opportunities and challenges through technological developments such as the Internet. A paradigm shift is underway in which citizens in the future more can be said to be both consumers and producers of the culture in which they wish to inspect.
A dozen of Schools Inspectorate audit reports have been analyzed in the article The English Schools Inspectorate's View of English Schools. The analysis shows that the Schools Inspectorate picture of Swedish schools and preschools is that the business often have shortcomings. A view that we in the article partly relate critical because we believe that the results may have been colored by temporary subjective observations of school inspectors during short visits.
An article Perspective on school development in the Barents regon North of Sweden is based on a survey of Norrbotten County all municipalities set to active headteachers / principals. The survey reveals a keen interest in school development within the region and that school leaders often have both knowledge and interest in these issues. Right now carried out an in-depth interview study of the previously completed the survey.