Economic Geology 7.5 Credits

Ekonomisk geologi
First cycle, Q0020B
Course syllabus valid: Autumn 2017 Sp 1 - Present
The version indicates the term and period for which this course syllabus is valid. The most recent version of the course syllabus is shown first.

Syllabus established
by 03 Apr 2012

Last revised
by Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies Eva Gunneriusson, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering 08 Feb 2017

Education level
First cycle
Grade scale
G U 3 4 5
Rock Engineering and Mineral Technology
Subject group (SCB)
Mining and Mineral Technology

Entry requirements

In order to meet the general entry requirements for first cycle studies you must have successfully completed upper secondary education and documented skills in English language

More information about English language requirements


The selection is based on final school grades or Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test.

Course Aim

After the course the student should be able to:

• Participate in projects where geochemical or geophysical exploration constitutes the main activity
• Carry out independent sampling campaigns in which solid rock, sediment or water samples comprise the basis for identification of anomalies
• Participate in jobs where calculation of exploration costs is necessary, and
• In cooperation with geologists and engineers participate in planning and evaluating exploration orientated drilling programs.


The course provides knowledge on geological exploration criteria, phases of exploration and various exploration methods. Additionally, the student will acquire insight into exploration models, difference between indicator and pathfinder elements, interpretation of various anomalies, exploration economics, planning of drilling programs and estimation of ore reserves. The presentation methodology is of general nature and the student is provided with know-how that can be applied to mineral exploration in a straightforward manner. The course contains the following subjects: 

• Geological criteria for exploration: stratigraphical-, lithological-, structural-, magmatogenic-, metamorfogenic-, geomorphological-, paleogeographical-, paleoclimatic- and historical criteria

• Phases of exploration: general-, prelimnary- and detailed phases. Discussion of Conceptual Model within exploration

• Geochemical exploration methods: anomalies in lithogeochemistry, soil chemistry (a.o. “Ridge and Spur” and “Base of Slope” sampling), stream sediment, heavy mineral concentrate, hydrogeochemistry, biogeochemistry and atmogeochemistry

• Geophysical exploration methods: anomalies of gravimetry, magnetism, resistivity, IP, SP, mise-a-la-mase, electro-magnetics, radioactivity and seismics

• Exploration economy: ”reserves” versus ”resources”, calculation of number of drillholes per mineralised block, and calculation of ore value

• Underground visit: mining methods, ore economics, beneficiation processes, measures of security underground


The course consists of lectures, team-based project work, field visits and an excursion to a mine in operation. The mandatory mine excursion takes the students underground in order to illustrate mining methods and beneficiation techniques.


Examinationen comprises a written test with 5,0 credits, team-based project work  with 1,5 credits, and field visits  with 1,0 credits.

Rob Hellingwerf

Literature. Valid from Autumn 2012 Sp 1 (May change until 10 weeks before course start)
- Hellingwerf, R. (2006) Economic Geology, kompendium. Bergsskolan.
- Kuzvart, Milos, Böhmer, Miloslav,. (1986) Prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits. 2 uppl. Amsterdam ; Oxford : Elsevier. (508 s). ISBN 0-444-99515-3
- Peters, William C.. (1978) Exploration and mining geology. New York : Wiley. (696 s). ISBN 0-471-68261-6
- Rose, Arthur W. Hawkes, Herbert E. Webb, John S.. (1979) Geochemistry in mineral exploration. 2 uppl. London : Academic P.. (657 s). ISBN 0-12-596252-5

Course offered by
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering

0002Written exam5.0G U 3 4 5
0003Group work1.5U G#
0004Excursions1.0U G#