My research profile is a blend of technology, informatics, engineering and management in the field of construction. To be able to do research about methods and processes for computer support development one need to understand how computer technology works, how the building structure works (engineering), how to handle information (informatics) and the needs and challenges of the organizations (management).
Since I was a PhD student, my research has been about how development processes, such as design and product development, can be enhanced by means of computer support by automating repetitive tasks or enabling evaluation of manufacturability, costs and structural integrity. When I started working with the Construction engineering and management group in 2013, my research profile was widened to also include sustainability in the projects: (Attract), energy efficiency, temperature measurements (Green Power), Geographical information systems and urban planning (Food on the roof), farming (Green Power, Kiruna Sustainability Center - KSC) and off-site construction (Digitalized construction). Even though these areas can seem unconnected, the common dominator is development of methods or processes based on virtual models to create decision bases for designers or planners in the building process. I use the term Virtual construction since it is about use of digital models, e.g. building information models, simulation models for energy and structural integrity or cost models for optimal building design, with the aim to mitigate costly surprises during construction. It is cheaper to do the mistakes in the virtual model instead of at the site or in the factory.
My research is applied meaning that academic methods, e.g. frameworks and processes, are developed in iteration with real case prototype development. This is a basis for understanding the needs of the society and spreading research results. I like research problems that connects technology with societal needs, that there are people with different needs that our methods need to consider creating chances for change and enhancements.
My industry collaborators since being a PhD student have been Volvo Aero Corporation (today GKN Aerospace) and, since I started at the Division for Industrial and Sustainable Construction WSP, PEAB, Tyréns, DesignEvolution, Sweco Architects, RISE, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Martinsons, Technical Services in Kiruna AB, Boden Municipality, Luleå Municipality, Hydro 66, HSB among others. With them, I have worked in several projects within virtual construction for multi-residential building, datacenters and greenhouses. One part of virtual construction has been about master models that govern a number of virtual models. One change in the master model automatically propagates to the other models, which is a requirement to enable optimization. In the Smart Built Environment project Digitalized construction, we work with finding a balance between prefabrication (standardization) and product flexibility, and we investigate how to model and coordinate process and product platforms using master models as one of the enablers.
In the Green Power project we have investigated how greenhouses can be designed to be able to use the waste heat from datacenters, a multidisciplinary project with four different research subjects and about 10 different companies which I think is important to have a chance to find new and innovative ideas but also to develop as a project leader.
In the KSC project we developed methods to help Kiruna Municipality and companies to choose building material with low life cycle energy and cost. This using virtual models and optimization.
Two projects now focus on optimizing sustainability in terms of life cycle energy, cost and carbon footprint for new and renovated buildings. These projects are: Life-cycle energy optimization of new and retrofitting buildings (Formas) and Computer-driven optimizations for improving sustainability performances of buildings (The Swedish Energy Agency).
Customer focused service development based on automation (Smart built engineering, Forsmas) is a new project where a supervise Abbas Tafti, an industrial PhD student working at WSP.
- Customer focused service development based on automation - Smart built environment (Formas)
- Life-cycle energy optimization of new and retrofitting buildings - Formas
- Computer-driven optimizations for improving sustainability performance of buildings - The Swedish Energy Agency
- Datacenter - farming - VINNOVA
- Cloudberry datacenters - Multifunctional data center - The Swedish Energy Agency
- P0011B - Computer tools in engineering
- P7006B - Virtual construction
- W0007B - CAD & VR
- W7010B - Construction management II